ASEAN After 50: The Language of Gender Discrimination in Southeast Asia

Farieda Ilhami Zulaikha

Why talk when you are a shoulder or a vault

Why talk when you are helmeted with numbers

Fists have many forms; a fist knows what it can do

Without the nuisance of speaking; it grabs and smashes

From those inside or under words gush like toothpaste

Language, the fist proclaims by squeezing is for the weak only

-Margaret Atwood-

In arguing the necessity of language, feminist theorists assume that language has never been neutral. It only serves the dominance in the social world where women are not counted. A poem by Margaret Atwood above illustrates how women are undervalued in language practice, which places them nowhere. read more

ASEAN After 50: Reflecting ASEAN as Collective Identity

Rifki Maulana Iqbal Taufik

The 50th anniversary of ASEAN is the right moment to evaluate every achievement and the projections for the future. An evaluation is not limited only to the implementation of program but how ASEAN is being presented in the society. ASEAN’s approach, so far, appears more elitist / state-centric, rather than people-oriented. This resulted in the lack of community understanding on ASEAN, what it does and how it affects their lives. In the context of Indonesia, based on data collected from ASC UGM 2014, about 65% of the people in Yogyakarta have never heard of ASEAN. If that is the case in a city as big as Yogyakarta, what about those living in remote areas? How the ideal of ASEAN Community can be accomplished if the at the ‘real’ community level, an understanding of ASEAN is limited. In other words, it is necessary to start bringing ASEAN to a more community level, involving the whole elements of the country, not just the government, to realize the aspirations of ASEAN Community 2015. At this point, ASEANization is first and foremost. read more

ASEAN After 50: Climate Justice and Smallholder farmers

Ibnu Budiman

The combination of climate change mitigation and adaptation is essential for millions of smallholder farmers in ASEAN. However, does it consider farmers’ rights and development to achieve a farmer-centered approach? What could ASEAN do to protect the rights of farmers and the environment in general?

ASEAN is one of the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases. A Large proportion of these emissions come from the conversion of forests and carbon-rich peatlands into productive agricultural land. This is a prominent issue that needs to be addressed in the 50th anniversary of ASEAN, which has a big impact in the future. read more

ASEAN After 50: Is the ‘ASEAN Way’ still relevant?

Dio Herdiawan Tobing

Unlike other regional or international organizations, ASEAN possesses its own model of diplomatic engagement: the ASEAN Way. For so many years, the ASEAN Way has always been a very heated topic of debate among the academics, government officials, and policy-makers. Now that ASEAN has reached its golden anniversary, the remained question is whether the ASEAN Way is still relevant, or must the organization employ other tools to foster its members’ cooperative behavior in agreed institutional arrangements. read more

ASEAN After 50: Rethinking ASEAN-China Cultural Cooperation

Dr. Gabriel Lele

ASEAN-China cooperation has stepped towards a new phase in the recent decade. As ASEAN is celebrating its 50th anniversary, it is important to rethink the cooperation in the future.

The cooperation between China-Indonesia has been developing since as early as the 7th century when Indonesia was part of the Silk Route among traders.  China has its special place in Indonesian history. One of the most historical incidence from Indonesia perspective is the incidence of military aggression to conquer Kingdom of Majapahit of Java in the 13th century for economic and territorial purposes. read more

ASEAN After 50: Studying the Lands Below the Winds

Dendy Raditya A.

On August 8th this year, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) will celebrate its 50th anniversary. This is the right time to reflecting on what had been done from 1967 until now and what need to do in the future, not only by ASEAN as an organization but also by the whole elements within ASEAN.

What could be reflected from the 50 years of ASEAN and the studies associated with this organization? Historically, the embryo of studies about this region –which historian Anthony Reid called as ‘the lands below the winds’ could be traced back to the colonial era. The study of Southeast Asia originally developed at the Ecole des Langues Orientales Vivantes founded in Paris around 1795, followed by the Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde (Royal Institute for Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies at Leiden University, Netherlands at 1864, and finally the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London in 1917. read more

ASEAN After 50: Defending Human Rights in ASEAN

Jakkrit Chuamuangphan

As 2017, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) marks 50 years since first founded in 1967. To date, ASEAN has shown a huge success in realizing the regional economic integration as it became a single market in 2015 and maintaining international relations with other states by placed itself at the center of relations such as ASEAN+3, ASEAN+6 and ARF. However, when it comes to the issue of human rights, ASEAN still stumbling upon its inability to ensure the significant improvement of human right environment all across the Southeast Asia. The increase in human rights violations indicates a weakening of ASEAN human rights institutions. read more

ASEAN After 50: Escaping the Middle Income Trap

Suraj Shah

Several ASEAN member states such as Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam and Indonesia have sustained impressive growth rates in recent decades. Whilst this is a good news for ASEAN, they are also trapped in a pattern where the growth based on low cost comparative advantage is curtailed as incomes rise. Political economists called this pattern  “Middle Income Trap”.

This issue has been increasingly important as ASEAN moves forward after its 50th anniversary. In moving from middle to high income status, middle income countries (MICs) must move their factors of production from capital and labour intensive (intrinsic) production to knowledge and innovation-driven production. read more

ASEAN After 50: Why Political and Economic Integration are Not Sufficient

Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar

ASEAN is now 50 years old. Originally established only as a platform for interstate dialogue, ASEAN has progressed through the ‘long and winding road’ to become a region. ASEAN has successfully managed to navigate through the Cold War, underwent a devastating financial crisis, and now

After 50 years, what does ASEAN need to do?

In a series of article, ASEAN Studies Center Universitas Gadjah Mada aim to address this issue to see where ASEAN should be directed to after 50 years and what issues that needs to be the focus of ASEAN in the future. I argue that it is important for ASEAN to move from its ‘traditional’ pattern of cooperation, which is concentrated upon economic or political security issues. read more

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons: Historic Progress, Yet Not a Complete End to the Struggle

122 members of the United Nations, including Indonesia, voted in favor for the adoption of an international treaty eliminating the use of nuclear weapons, at the UN Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons on Friday (7/7).

The treaty, called the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, was finally adopted after last December, with an overwhelming majority of UN member states approving a resolution to begin negotiations. It is the first document after the end of World War II, that calls for the prohibition and dismantling of nuclear weapons. read more