Questioning the Effectiveness of Environmental Constitutionalism in ASEAN: The Case of Haze Crisis

Project Leader: Dr. Gabriel Lele

This research expects to extend academic exercises in understanding global constitutionalism, with a particular focus on the environmental constitutionalism in ASEAN. The central argument pursued in this research is that domestic politics matters in explaining the effectiveness of global constitutionalism.To pursue this argument, this research is specifically interested in problematizing the enforcement of regional agreements made by ASEAN by specifically looking at the case of ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (THPA). A closer look reveals that there are variations in the degree of effectiveness of THPA implementation in each country, whether in the level of its adoption in domestic policy or policy implementation. What explains this variation? This research will seek to respond this question by assessing documents on THPA implementation in ASEAN, and more specifically assess its implementation in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore.

This research is funded through Inter-Faculty Collaborative Research Grant, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada.